Dr. Rand Paul, President of the United States

Dr. Rand Paul’s latest book titled: ” The Case Against Socialism,” was even better than I had hoped.  Published in 2019, it remains on demand from people who order books from the public libraries in my area.

Dr. Paul’s book expanded my knowledge base and was very readable. Dr. Paul made his case against Socialism in an extremely comprehensible manner.

There were several stories in the book that I found very amusing.  The first happened at a social event when Dr. Paul was seated next to Joseph Stiglitz. Joseph Stiglitz is an economist and a Nobel Laureate.  Stiglitz is an economist who is as far to the left as Dr. Paul is to the right. Even though Stiglitz is a left leaning economist, I greatly enjoyed reading all of his books.  As Dr. Paul attempted to engage Stiglitz in a conversation, that Stiglitz would not have won, Dr. Stiglitz ignored Rand and turned his attention to his guest on the other side.

The second incident involved Israeli President Benjamin Netanyahu in 2013.  After a speech to Congress, Netanyahu received a standing ovation. Dr. Paul was criticized by some in the media for ” not clapping enthusiastically enough ! ”

I believe that Dr. Rand Paul would make an excellent President of the U.S. at sometime in the future.  Sure, I like Vice President Mike Pence.  If the Trump-Pence ticket is re-elected in 5.4 months, then Pence will have the best opportunity of obtaining the GOP nomination for President in 2024. Pence could not make a better selection for Vice President in 2024 than Rand Paul.  That would be Rand Paul’s opportunity to be elected President after the 2024 election.

I view Rand Paul as a combination of three great American Presidents.  They are 1) Thomas Jefferson, 2) James Monroe, and 3) James Garfield.  In the meantime, read Dr. Paul’s book. It is outstanding.

R. Van Conoley ( Editor’s Note: James Garfield was the 20th. President of the U.S. serving from March 4, 1881 until his untimely death on September 19, 1881.  I believe that Garfield was the smartest man to have ever been elected President. Sadly, his early death was the result of an assassination.  Garfield was a man born into a family of modest means and most of his profound knowledge was self taught. )

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Joe Biden, Donald Trump, William Barr, and John Durham

As I reflect on Memorial Day 2020, I wonder very seriously if our great Republic will ever have another Memorial Day in the future.  It is not an overstatement to clearly state that the legal works of Attorney General William Barr and the Chief Prosecutor John Durham will indeed determine, in my view, if the U.S. remains one united country.

A.G. Barr and Mr. Durham are investigating the most serious of criminal actions that have taken place in my lifetime and in the entire lifetime of our Republic.  For years I have been hearing speculation in the media about the criminal actions of Donald Trump and the criminal actions of the democrat party and the criminal actions of the Justice Department and the criminal actions of the CIA and the criminal actions of the FBI.

Presently, only one thing is certain.  It is certain by any reasonable and sane standard that Donald Trump did not collude in any way with the Russian Government against the citizens of the U.S.  The Mueller Commission’s report clearly demonstrated that the entire Russian accusations against the Trump Administration were totally false and not one scintilla of evidence existed to demonstrate any wrongdoing by Donald Trump.  The testimony of Mueller before the U.S. Senate was an embarrassment to our great republic.  Mr. Mueller, in his sworn testimony, seemed even more confused than Joe Biden. Joe Biden often gets confused as to what state he is in and who he is married to.  But Mueller seemed confused as to where he was and it soon became obvious that Mueller did not even have a basic understanding of any work performed by the Mueller Committee.

The Mueller Committee clearly was not designed to uncover any facts.  If it had been, Mueller would have to have said that his committee was only designed to destroy, harass, and damage Donald Trump and his administration. Sadly, many in the media became partners in crime with the democrat individuals who criminalized the highest levels of the U.S. Government.

The democrat criminals, and other criminals in the Washington Sewer, were much more successful against former DIA Director Michael Flynn.  Recently released documents have proven beyond any reasonable doubt that General Flynn did not lie to the FBI, but that he was the victim of a criminal action by the FBI.

Now A. G. William Barr and his Chief Prosecutor John Durham are moving forward through the U.S. Justice system and surely will bring indictments against hundreds of people.  It would be completely immoral for me to state who I believe is guilty and who is innocent.  However, the number of individuals and the criminal charges that are yet to be filed are staggering.  Watergate involved the indictments of 69 individuals and resulted in 48 criminal convictions.  The Barr-Durham probe, I believe, will result in at least 100 indictments and most will be adjudicated guilty due to the staggering amounts of evidence.

It is only five full months and a few days until the Presidential election takes place in the U.S.  Obviously, many crooks in the democrat party who unhesitatingly violated U.S. Laws and committed High Treason against the American People, hope that the election will result in the election of Joe Biden. They hope beyond reason that a Biden election will allow the democrat party to finally succeed at what they started, namely the destruction of Donald Trump and a complete cover up of the many criminal actions.

However, Justice cries out for the criminal convictions of those individuals who have committed criminal acts and the total exoneration of the innocent.  Yet, the entire process of justice which is required, will take more than five months.  Therefore, it would be obscene if Trump were elected and he attempted to pressure Barr-Durham for harsher actions and more criminal indictments than justice demands.  It would also be obscene if Biden were elected and he pressured Barr-Durham to white wash the facts. Therefore, both Mr. Trump and Mr. Biden need to assure all American Citizens that the Barr-Durham investigation will remain free of political pressure so American Justice can act for all citizens in our Republic.

I support a stronger ” protective cover” for both Mr. Barr and Mr. Durham.  The forces of the “deep state” have shown just how reprehensible they can become.  The murder of Jeffrey Epstein in a federal prison clearly demonstrates the actions that are available.  The attempted destruction of General Flynn and the ongoing attempted destruction of Alan Dershowitz demonstrate that the criminal elements in the deep state remain powerful and capable of new and additional criminal actions.

I respectfully ask Attorney General Barr to immediately take all necessary legal actions to obtain all documents and video recordings from the Jeffery Epstein case and place them under the legal protection of A.G. Barr.  Additionally, I respectfully ask Attorney General Barr to facilitate the extradition of Julian Assange from the U.K. to the U.S.  Reports indicate that Mr. Assange will soon suffer the same fate as Jeffery Epstein if action is not taken. Mr. Assange appears to be another victim of the deep state just as General Flynn, Donald Trump, and now Alan Dershowitz have been.

As an American, I fully trust Barr-Durham to bring justice to this sordid, criminal, and treasonous operation activated by the most vile of criminal elements in the U.S. Both Mr. Trump and Mr. Biden need to pledge allegiance to the U.S. Justice system and clearly state that the Barr-Durham investigation will not be modified for political reasons from either the left or the right.

R. Van Conoley

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Memorial Day – 2020

Memorial Day is a federal holiday.  It occurs on the final Monday in May.  This is a day to remember all of the men and women who died while serving in the U.S. Armed Forces.

While World War II was the last legally declared war by the U.S., it is only fitting and proper to remember and honor all of the men and women who died in all of the U.S. military actions.  It is also fitting and proper to remember all of the men and women who died in the process of gathering intelligence for the protection of our Republic even though their names may remain unknown forever.

R. Van Conoley

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The Fed and Negative Interest Rates

WWW.Sanityandsense.com strongly supports the Chairman of the Federal Reserve System in his common sense opposition to negative interest rates in the U.S. In the entire history of the U.S., interest rates on treasury debt has never gone negative.  For 48 hours in 2008-2009, t-debt sold for a very short time at 0.00%.  That was a very short time after the 2008 equity crash.  0.00 % IS NOT NEGATIVE.  Also, the Open Market Committee has strongly opposed negative interest rates.  WWW.Sanityandsense.com strongly supports the efforts of the Open Market Committee.

As I recently explained to an American banker, rising and lowering interest rates are not a good or bad thing.  It just involves which side of the trade you are on. Here is an example that everyone can understand.  Suppose you are in the business of lending money and have a surplus of money to lend ( think banks and asset management companies ). If interest rates rise 1%, you are happy because in the short run you can earn more money as interest is returned to you as profits.  If you are a medium sized company and are in dire need of capital, a 1% rate increase could make it difficult to place corporate bonds and would cost a small company more capital.

If you are the Government of the U.S. and you presently have a total National Debt exceeding $ 25 TRILLION, you are happy to see interest rates decrease so you can finance the U.S. debt at a lower cost.  This is an idea that obviously has a great appeal to Donald Trump.  But like all coins, it has two sides.  If you are one of about 30 Million U.S. Citizens and you conservatively keep capital in a U.S. Bank, you are unhappy that interest rates decrease because you have your savings earning less !

While Richard Nixon was President, every dollar printed by the Controller of the currency was backed by gold held at Fort Knox.  Nixon announced on August 15, 1971, that the dollar was NO LONGER CONVERTABLE TO GOLD AT $35/OUNCE.  Nixon, Treasury Secretary Connally, and Arthur Burns had little idea what would happen and their note pads had few projections that should have been computed.

Today the dollar floats on currency markets.  It has been a very strong currency and with common sense from the Fed, the dollar could remain a strong world currency. Presently huge amounts of gold remain very secure in Fort Knox.  Fort Knox is the world’s largest supply of gold. Presently, the Fed can not buy gold for the U.S. on the open market and place it in Fort Knox.  Presently, the Fed can not sell gold from Fort Knox and use the proceeds to finance the U.S. National Debt.  HOWEVER, every ounce of gold in Fort Knox is the property of the U.S. Government and is in effect owned by the citizens of the U.S.

Congress can pass legislation that allows the Fed to buy and sell Gold on the open market in behalf of the American People.  I WOULD RATHER SEE THE FED BUY AND SELL GOLD FROM FORT KNOX ON THE OPEN MARKET RATHER THAN ALLOW OUR TREASURY DEBT TO GO NEGATIVE.  The previous statement is a very hard statement, and I hope that it never becomes necessary to add this tool to the Fed’s many tools to regulate the U.S. money supply.

The U.S. Congress has appropriated TRILLIONS of dollars to “regulate” the impact of the COVID-19 Virus.  If the Fed can not prevent negative interest rates in the U.S., it is quite possible that equity markets in the U.S. could crash and a serious world depression could follow.  Since becoming President in 2017, I believe that Mr. Trump has made wise and common sense economic decisions that benefit all of the American People.  However, I most respectfully encourage Mr. Trump to understand that his appointed Chairman of the Fed is correct and to support Chairman Powell in his common sense actions.

R. Van Conoley

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DNA and RNA and Me and You

I recently watched a late night TV show that was mainly concerned with DNA testing. Today individuals can obtain test kits and learn something about their ancestry or more exactly the region(s) of the world where their ancestors came from. I believe that I am part Irish, part English, part Scotts, and part Welch.  It may surprise some individuals but I could not care less if I were 5% Irish or 20% Irish or 90% Irish. The same holds true for the rest of my possible ethnic groups.  That is why I never had a genetic test that would indicate my ethnic origins.

But I am fascinated with genetics and I have studied genetics for over 30 years.  I would like to know what diseases I am at high risk for and what diseases I am at low risk for.  That would interest me very much.  Genetics is only one factor in human health.  An individual who may be at a higher than average genetic risk for Cancer may never develop Cancer if he/she eats healthy foods and avoids a lifestyle that would promote Cancer.  I laugh at Cancer: 1) because it does not run in my genetic family, and 2) because I take 3000 mg of Vitamin C each day that I devoutly believe prevents many forms of cancer,  and 3) I have avoided a Cancer causing lifestyle.

Unfortunately, my studies in nutrition and biochemistry did not prevent me from developing arthritis.  At least, I was fortunate in avoiding arthritis early in life.  Now that I have developed arthritis, I began a very intense study of arthritis because: 1) It is painful, 2) Doctors who are specialists love to do knee replacements, 3) Knee replacements are painful and 4) Knee replacements vary greatly in their success rate and 5) I sedulously avoid any surgery whenever possible. I recently published an article titled : ” Coronavirus (C-19),” because I am surprised that Americans as a group have a deficiency in the natural sciences and I wanted to explain exactly what a virus is in simple terms.

Type the key word: amino acids into the search box and click go and the article will appear. If you read the article on the Coronavirus, you will remember that I explained in simple terms that different amino acids make different proteins in the body.  Also, I explained that DNA and RNA are two nucleic acids that direct biochemical operations in the human body and that all life on earth has at least one form of nucleic acid inside its’ structure.

In simple terms my arthritis pain is caused by my body’s inability to make a substance known as cartilage.  Cartilage is a very specialized compound and acts effectively as a cushion to keep one bone from rubbing against another bone when the bones meet to form a joint.  Bone is living material and contains nerves and very small blood vessels and bone keeps growing and restructuring itself throughout life.  In the human knee cartilage acts as a connective cushion between the bone of the upper leg, known as the femur, and the bone of the lower leg, known as the tibia.  When the cartilage “wears out” or is not replaced, knee pain becomes an issue and a serious one at that. Since knee replacements are painful and not always as successful as needed, it seemed logical to direct the human body to manufacture more cartilage as needed.  Unfortunately medicine has not yet been able to achieve this goal.  Hopefully, someday medicine may identify specific genes on specific chromosomes and direct the needed amount of cartilage production to restore joint problems.  Unfortunately medicine today does not know how to modify the genetic code in the human body to cure diseases and keep people healthy.  A better understanding of the genetic code in humans in the future and the application of instructions to the genetic code will be a great leap forward in medical science.

R. Van Conoley ( Editor’s Note: There are genetic tests available today to inform prospective parents if they carry the genetic code that may result in a genetic defect in their children.  Also, it is known that a couple have a 1 in 30 chance of giving birth to a child with Cystic Fibrosis. If both the mother and father are recessive carriers for CF, the chances become one in four of the newborn having CF. In the world population the chances of parents having a child with Tay-Sachs disease is one in 171. Ashkenazi Jewish people have one chance in 38 of having a child with Tay-Sachs.  Many Ashkenazi Jews have the prospective husband and wife tested as carriers before marriage. This seems like a very wise course of action. )

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William Barr, John Durham, and James W. Rodgers

Attorney General William Barr and his associate, John Durham, have an extremely difficult task before them.  Their actions may determine if the U.S. will continue as one country. I believe that FAILURE to bring guilty individuals before courts of law and obtain convictions when warranted would result in the de facto destruction of our great Republic.

In my view, I have never seen or even envisioned a situation where so many high level and former high level government officials have willingly entered into the extremely serious crime of treason against our Republic.  While many individuals have stated that there will be far more criminal indictments than the tragedy known as Watergate, the Watergate crimes did not involve the high crime of treason.  Many Watergate criminals were convicted of covering up criminal acts and perjury.  Watergate did not involve the high crime of treason against America and the American People.

Conviction of treason may result in the execution of individual(s) found guilty.  As an American, there are very few crimes where I believe that execution is not only indicated, but necessary. There are three: 1) Abduction with sexual abuse and/or torture that causes the death of the victim ; 2) Terrorism and crimes that involve death of Americans for pay; and 3)   Treason against the U.S., especially involving American officials who were given authority over other Americans.

In 36 states, the Federal Government, and the U.S. Military have death penalty statutes.  Five different methods of execution are prescribed. They are 1) Lethal injection, 2) Electrocution, 3) Lethal Gas, 4) Firing squad, and 5) Hanging.  On the state level, two states execute by firing squad.  In 1960, James W. Rodgers was executed by firing squad in Utah. In 2010, Ronnie Lee Gardner was executed by firing squad for conviction of a 1984 murder.

What seriously troubles me as an American is the attitude of a number of individuals whose guilt is about 99.999% certain.  Several have acted as if the situation is a joke. It is not a joke. Also,  the behavior of some individuals who will surely be indicted seems frivolous. The question that Mr. Barr and Mr. Durham must ponder is not just the guilt of the criminals involved, but the perception that law abiding Americans perceive from the court sentences sought and those carried out.

The following is a quote from HBO’s Bill Maher: ” I feel like the bottom has to fall out at some point, and by the way, I’m hoping for it because I think one way to get rid of Trump is a crashing economy. So please bring on the recession. ”  As an American, I find statements such as this to be sick and therefore must be made by mentally ill people. I grew up in America where Americans would never make statements like that. A sickness has descended over America and President Trump had to bear verbal abuse that no civilized nation should tolerate.

R. Van Conoley  ( I believe that all individuals convicted to die for treason should be executed by firing squad.

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Rosa Parks, Shelley Luther, and Marques de Sade

After World War II, Black Americans in the South were not treated fairly in many aspects.  I believe that almost 100% of Americans are glad that the U.S. went through challenging times to create a more just society.  Rosa Parks became famous when she refused to give up her seat on a bus.  Black citizens were expected to sit in the back of the bus and whites were often given preferential treatment.  Thankfully that harsh time has ended and our society is better for the changes.

Today a White lady named Shelley Luther stood her ground and refused to accept the local authority that kept her business closed.  Ms. Luther was sentenced to a week in jail and stated that she was only trying to earn a living so she could earn money for herself and her family. Interestingly the Judge in the case was a Black man often referred to as a political hack for the Democrat Party.  In the past the Judge had referred to Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas as a traitor to his race.

There is a growing belief in the U.S. that the democrat party is attempting to use the Corona Virus outbreak to keep American businesses closed in order to damage the American economy and thereby harm President Trump’s chances of election on November 3, 2020.  The American People will have to be the judge and jury on election day on November 3, 2020.

As a law abiding American Citizen, I am shocked as each day passes and the hatred and the false news increases between the democrat and republican parties. I have never seen anything like this in my lifetime.  America as a whole seems ungovernable.  There exist vast differences between local governments in various states depending mainly on the political party in charge of the local governments.

I was  a young graduate student about 48 years ago when I went to see a play with the abbreviated title: ” Marat/Sade. ” The full title of the play was: ” The Persecution and Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat as Performed by the Inmates of the Asylum of Charenton Under the Direction of the Marquis de Sade. ” The story takes place in July, 1808, just after The French Revolution when French society was in complete chaos.

The play was written by Peter Weiss in 1964.  It is in effect a play within a play and sexual content is implied and not vulgar and explicit.  I view the play as a great satire showing the psychotic activities of French society at the time.  I greatly enjoyed the play and had a curiosity about the French Revolution which started out as a form of human liberty and turned into a form of violence and horror.  The vile, reprehensible, and vulgar actions that are taking place in the U.S. today, in the name of political necessity,  should easily create a 21st. Century Marat/Sade.  However, I seriously doubt that a work as cleaver as Marat/Sade could be produced today since many of today’s university students remain vastly ignorant of science, mathematics, history, philosophy, literature, psychology, and culture.  Today’s students are well trained in political protests, political correctness, and political guilt that they mistakenly believe created our once great Republic.

R. Van Conoley

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5/4/1970 To 5/4/2020 : Kent State 50 Years Later

On May 1, 1970, students gathered at Kent State University to protest President Nixon’s expansion of the Vietnam War into Cambodia.  Later more violent and lawless students destroyed commercial property in downtown Kent.  Governor James Rhodes called in the National Guard after a request for assistance came from the town’s mayor.

Later more violent and lawless students set fire to the Army’s ROTC building.

On Monday, May 4, 1970, a group of guardsmen turned to the right and fired for 13 seconds at the students.  Some students were throwing rocks, bottles, and bricks at the guardsmen before the guardsmen fired.

Today, in 2020, some college students still believe that local, city, county, state, and federal law enforcement can not enforce any laws nor order students in any manner while students are on a college campus.  Violence on college campuses continues today.  Sadly the issue seems not to be of right and wrong, but the political causes involved.

R. Van Conoley ( Coming soon.  This website will post an article titled: ” The End Of The U.S.A. ”  C-SPAN, usually a fair and balanced media outlet, broadcast a documentary about Kent State.  Sadly the documentary was totally one sided. The total focus was on the tragic death of the four students killed.  Not one single law enforcement officer, not one single guardsman, nor one publically elected official was interviewed for the documentary. )

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U.S. Attorney John Durham and Attorney General Barr and Sean Hannity

While many law abiding Americans may be pleased with the very modest progress made by U.S. Attorney John Durham and his boss, Attorney General Barr, the fact remains that there is a presidential election in six months.  Information and prosecutions that happen after November 3, 2020, may seem like a total whitewash and a cover up.

Mr. Barr and Mr. Durham must keep in mind that 95% of the basic facts now known were clearly speculated and believed by a large number of law abiding Americans for three years.   Additionally, the statement by AG Barr that he did not see any basis for federal prosecutions for treason is somewhat amazing.  Treason against a legally elected president by the use of the criminalization of the FBI, Justice Department, and CIA are the highest forms of treason against the U.S. and the American People.

I have never seen such a clear case with so much valid evidence against such a large group of former high level Americans.  Clearly the question in the minds of Americans is can an unelected group of corrupt Americans in high level positions easily violate U.S. Laws and avoid punishment ?

The embarrassing situation involves the very low level of intelligence of media reporters on the left and the right.  When I watch CNN and MSNBC, I expect to see and listen to hate filled and biased false news designed to damage the republican party, President Trump, and conservative Americans.  Yet, I find the dim witted Sean Hannity to present as much fake and misleading news from the right.  The dimwitted Hannity can turn a twenty second question into I three minute diatribe.  Additionally, Hannity has stated again and again that 99% of FBI agents are honest and hard working.  Where is his research to prove this fact which is clearly false ? Hannity seems to be a complete buffoon sitting in judgment of the FBI mainly because his father was a prison guard.  If Hannity had one scintilla of intelligence, he clearly would have concluded by in depth research that the top level of the FBI administration is now and has been rotten to the core. A very basic level of common sense would clearly indicate that many agents in the FBI were clearly aware of Comey’s criminality.  The FBI has clearly misused its power and authority and has done so increasingly every since Judge Webster left as Director of the FBI. It is long past time when Trump should have removed 100% of all FBI agents in the top level of the FBI and replaced them with law abiding individuals.

If Barr and Durham can not understand that the top administration of the FBI was criminalized by the Obama-Clinton Crime family and at the same time the Obama-Clinton Crime family was using John Brennan of the CIA to aid, abet, and assist in treason against a legally elected President, then there is no hope for our Republic.  One of Trump’s persecutors is widely known for sentencing known innocent individuals to jail to support a political cause.  I know that John Durham is 100% aware of this grave injustice because John Durham helped an innocent individual obtain legal information that was kept from him.  Both Durham and Barr are honest individuals and I had great faith that these honorable men would solve this nightmare of public corruption.  However, I believe that criminal indictments must be sought before June 30, 2020.  The American People have the absolute right to know vital information before the November 3, 2020, Presidential election.

R. Van Conoley   ( After observing some of the scum in the administration of the FBI, the old cross dresser, J. Edgar Hoover and his penis sucking partner, Clyde Tolson,  do not seem quite so bad.

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Coronavirus ( C-19) : EVERYTHING You Need To Know But Did Not Know Who To Ask

This article was inspired by two very different people.  John Milton, a great poet, stated: ” Doth God exact day labor …? ” Milton was asking if God still expected him to produce poetry after he was blind.  Milton decided the answer was yes.  I asked myself if I should continue to write articles for the website WWW.Sanityandsense ? My answer was yes even though arthritic pain keeps me from sitting too long in my computer chair.  Fortunately my vision is fine.

The second great individual who inspired this article was Isaac Asimov ( 1920-1992 ). Asimov was a great author and biochemist who published more than 400 books.  I read about 400 of Asimov’s books.  The really great thing about Asimov was that he could write about the natural sciences so that individuals did not have to be a Ph.D. to understand him.  Sadly in America, and throughout much of the world, science is either written for young children on one extreme or for Ph.D.’s on the other extreme.  Asimov bridged that gap by writing science books for high school grads and college grads who were not science majors.  I believe that I possess the skill that Asimov displayed by being able to speak to a middle level group.  How many newspaper articles did you read that explained the very basics of virology or exactly what the C-19 virus really is?

So, to start at the beginning, there is a Periodic Table of elements. Let us look at three elements. C is the symbol for Carbon. H is the symbol for Hydrogen. O is the symbol for Oxygen. All living organisms must contain C, H, and O. ( Possibly on other planets there is a different definition of life. ) C, H, and O form carbohydrates. There are many different carbohydrates and you probably consume some each day in your food. But one more element is necessary for life to exist on earth.  N is the chemical symbol for Nitrogen.  Nitrogen is the most abundant molecule in the air you and I breathe.  When you add Nitrogen to the C,H, and O, a new molecule can be formed that is essential for life. When C,H,O,and N are available, molecules can be formed called amino acids.  All LIFE ON EARTH MUST HAVE AMINO ACIDS TO BE CONSIDERED LIVING.  Since viruses are small living organisms which can replicate(reproduce), they must contain amino acids. The human body needs 20 different amino acids for life to continue and for growth to take place and for biochemical reactions to continue.

Here is a simple way to describe an amino acid.  Lets start with Carbon (C). Think of the Carbon atom as having four arms.  So a Carbon atom might be able to bond with four other chemical substances.  Here is exactly the definition of an amino acid.  One arm of the Carbon attaches to a Hydrogen atom. A second arm of the amino acid attaches to a Carboxyl group. The carboxyl group contains both Carbon and Oxygen.  The third arm of the Carbon atom attaches to an Amine group.  An Amine group contains Nitrogen (N) and Hydrogen (H). That leaves the fourth arm of the Carbon atom free to attach to some other group or atom.  What the fourth arm ( Chemically called a bond) attaches to determines what amino acid is formed.  Now you know basically what an amino acid is.  It is really not too difficult.

Not that you understand what an amino acid is, you are ready to understand a compound called a protein.  A protein is nothing more than a group of amino acids that have bonded together.  Your body makes small proteins, medium sized proteins, and large proteins.  It turns out that the amine group of one amino acid bonds with the Carboxyl group of the next amino acid.

It turns out that the COVID-19 virus is spherical in basic shape and the outside of the virus is a protein coat consisting of amino acids that are connected.  But I have left one thing out.  For an organism to be a living earth creature, it must have a Nucleic Acid. DNA is one type of Nucleic Acid and RNA is another type of Nucleic Acid.  SO ALL LIFE ON EARTH CONSISTS OF NUCLEOPROTEINS.

Many of the cells in your body have both DNA and RNA.  However, a virus can exist with only one nucleic acid contained inside a protein outer coat to protect the Nucleic Acid.  So, there are RNA viruses and DNA viruses.  In order to live, an organism must be able to replicate itself.  Viruses do this by using their outer protein coat to attach themselves to a cell somewhere in your body.  Once a “bad virus” is attached to a cell in your body, it breaks or damages the cell membrane of your cell and inserts it’s nucleic acid into the cell. That is bad news because the viral Nucleic Acid can then use the biochemical machinery of your cell to make many more “bad viruses.” The cell explodes or dies later and many “bad viruses” can then enter your system.

But the fight is not over.  Your body, either through God’s wisdom or through millions of years of evolution, knows how to fight back.  If you are strong and healthy, your body can make specific antibodies to fight a particular virus.  Indeed some individuals who were exposed to the C-19 virus produced so many antibodies so quickly that they did not even know that they had the C-19 virus.  Antibodies are protein molecules made by your body to fight “bad viruses.” Sometimes antibodies last in the human body for a very long time and provide lifetime protection.  That is good for you but bad news for the “bad viruses.”

The antibodies that your body makes to protect you are very specific.  If you contracted the flu last year, your body may resist the flu a year later by using the antibodies present from the past.  However, a virus can modify its’ structure. A virus can undergo an evolution before the next flu season. Therefore vaccines are usually less effective against viruses than bacteria and other micro-organisms.

R. Van Conoley

 

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